The Special Astrophysical
Observatory is located on the western part of Northern Caucasus in
Karachaevo-Circassian Republic of Russian
Federation. The administrative
centre, the library, scientific laboratories, computer center, hotel and
apartment houses of an observatory are located in the settlement
Arkhiz, which is situated in 25 kms to the south from a village
Zelenchukskaya. The Nizhnij Arkhiz is located in a valley of the river
Bolshoj Zelenchuk at the altitude of 1300 m above sea level. The optical
observation station of the observatory is located in 17 kms from a
settlement on slopes of the mountain Pastuhova at the altitude of 2100 m
in a zone of alpine meadows. SAO has the largest in Europe optical
telescope with the 6-meters diameter mirror (Large Telescope
Alt-Azimuthal – “BTA”), and also small telescopes with diameters of
mirrors of 1 and 0.6 meters.
The RATAN-600 radio telescope
is located in 25 kms from the Academgorodok, on the southern surburb of
the village Zelenchukskaya. It has an original design as the antenna
with a variable profile of the reflecting surface, made in the shape of
a circle with a diameter of 600 m. In this class of radio telescopes
RATAN-600 is the largest tool in the world. Between RATAN-600 and
Bukovo, a large parabolic mirror of IPA with 32 m of diameter is
During the conference,
excursions to all the listed astronomical telescopes will be organized.
possible to reach the Nizhnij Arkhiz by a bus (or car). The asphalted
highway links it to Krasnodar (320 kms), Nevinnomyssk (130 kms),
Stavropol (200 kms), Cherkessk (100 kms) and Mineralnye Vody (210 kms).
SAO RAS will organize the delivery and departure of participants of the
conference using the observatory’s buses and cars. It is desirable to
come on conference by the following types of transport:
1. By train. The place of
arrival is the station Nevinnomyskaya. .
From the Moscow (“Kasansky”
The train number 3 is departured
from the Moscow at 8:30 a.m. each day, and arrived to Nevinnomyskaya
station in the next morning at 8:25 a.m.
From the Saint Petersburg (the
“Moscovsky” railway station).
The train number 49 is
departured at 4:30 p.m., and arrived in two
nights at 8:40 a.m. to
The climate is
soft: warm summer, wonderful autumn and mild winter. Average daily
temperatures: in the winter –4 degrees centigrade, in the summer - +12
degrees centigrade. The best season is autumn when there is a fine
weather, the sky is extraordinary transparent, and mountain landscapes
are magnificent. Excursion to mountains is planned, therefore it is
necessary for interested persons to take with you an easy sporting
costume and running shoes. A weather at this time of year usually is
clear without rains.
Temperature of the air in the
afternoon is 20-25 degrees, but in the evenings it is cool, and the
temperature of the air lowers below 10 degrees centigrade.
of astronomers is located in a picturesque place, in a beechen wood in
root of Pastuhova mountain. In 2 kms from a settlement the historical -
architectural complex Nizhne-Arhyzsky is located, with a medieval site
of ancient settlement (presumably the capital of the Western Alania) and
temples of X century - the most ancient Christian monuments in Russia.
In 25 kms upwards on a valley of the river Bolshoy Zelenchuk one of
centers of mountaineering on Caucasus - the mountain area Arkhyz is
located . And in 100 kms to the east - in territory of the Conservation
area “Teberdinsky Zapovednik” - mountain resorts Teberda and Dombai are
the observatory in Nizhnij Arhyz there are two hotels. Lower hotel
"Rest house for astronomers" is located in a settlement in one complex
with a main office building. There are 36 comfortable rooms in this
hotel. In the same building a dining room is located. Upper hotel
"Andromeda" is located at the altitude of 2000 meters, near to optical
telescopes. In the hotel with 12 rooms, there is a cosy hall with a
fireplace, seats and little tables for rest, conversations and helding
of celebratory parties. Through the windows of the hotel wonderful views
on mountain ranges and valleys is seen. At the RATAN-600 there is a
hotel also, with comfortable roomss of different level. There are 10
rooms in the hotel and the hostel for observers with 6 rooms.
Halls for helding the
During the conference period it is supposed to conduct a
public meeting of the section "Sun" with discussion of results of the
researches made in 2005.